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Tuesday, October 20, 2015

Noun for Male and Female Arabic

Hello Katabah!
In Arabic language, noun for male is known as mudzakar, whereas noun for female is known as mu`annats.

Let’s pay attention examples below:


A. Male Noun
اَبٌ
father

طَبِيْبٌ
doctor

تِلْمِيْذٌ
Male student

كِتَابٌ
book


B. Female Noun
اُمٌّ
mother

طَبِيْبَةٌ
Female doctor

تِلْمِيْذَةٌ
Female student

سَبُوْرَةٌ
blackboard

If a word of Arabic is ended by ta marbutoh (ة), then it’s categorized as female noun.

To change a male noun becoming a female noun usually is enough by adding ta marbutoh (ة). For example:

طَبِيْبٌ
doctor

becomes:
طَبِيْبَةٌ
Female doctor


مُدَرِّسٌ
male teacher

becomes:
مُدَرِّسَةٌ
Female teacher

Why must we understand difference from male noun and female noun? Because it will influence an Arabic sentence. For example:
يَذْهَبُ مُدَرِّسٌ الِىَ الْكْتَبَةِ
A male teacher goes to the library.

becomes:
تَذْهَبُ مُدَرِّسَةٌ الِىَ الْكْتَبَةِ
A female teacher goes to the library

We see that word “yadhabu” (يَذْهَبُ) and “tadhabu” (تَذْهَبُ) has same meaning, i.e.: “go” or “goes”. But each has difference function. Word “yadhabu” is for male and “tadhabu” is for female.


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